What type of orthotics for flat feet?

Those who love taking participation in adventurous activities like hiking, backpacking, running, skiing, or cycling and suffering pains over foot, blisters, hot spots or any other discomfort that hampering the moments. Yes, it is now the time to see for extra comfort and support to be given to the foot with the help of orthotic insoles.


There are two major classifications as stock insoles and aftermarket insoles.

Stock insoles are the one kind of performance boots and shoes that are typically expensive fillers. Aftermarket insoles are the one kind for tailoring the needs and required foot rest support for the discomfort foot. The major aspect that all must understand is orthotic insoles cannot cure flat foot wherein they can provide optimum level of support to the painful and discomfort foot.

Types of orthotics for flat flat

The two types of insoles other than the above discussed classifications are of: comfort insoles and support insoles.

Comfort Insoles: These are the types for insoles for those who suffer in pain and tired feet to get relief from shock absorbing by this type that are designed for comfort and arch support. These types can be found in flat shaped or feature gel or foam and can be availed in full length, ¾th length or just inserts model to support arch & heel parts. When there is still pain once after started using the comfort insoles which are of cushion style, one must try support insoles to treat the flat feet disorder.

Support Insoles: It is of harder material for structural support and stability for the arch and heel parts of the foot in order to help the individuals getting rid of the pain. Support style insoles are best matches for the below appending conditions.

Structural misalignment: It gives not only the foot pain but then discomfort over the ankle parts, joints, knees, hip, lower back, prolonged to neck and head even sometimes.

Plantar fasciitis: It is one of the serious medical conditions resulting by severe flat feet wherein for this type of protocol, medical experts’ advice for supportive style of insoles to treat the conditions. This type of serious condition is that tearing of plantar fascia – the band of connective tissue that connects the heel to the fore foot area gets disturbed and thus causing severe pain.

Supination and over-pronation: For the conditions of supination (roll out) or over-pronation (excessive rolling in) when walking or running could be treated by support insoles in a moderate tendency.

Different types of shoe inserts volumes

There are two different types of volumes when considering an insole, that terms the internal space of the shoe actually.

High volume insoles: These are the best suitable for high volume shoes such as ski boots, hike boots, running shoes and sports fit footwear.

Low volume insoles: These are low volume type shoes such as casual wears, cycling shoes, in-line skate boots, and ski skate boots. And one another aspect to be noted is that: the thickness of the socks would also have major influence on the fitting of footwear.

flat feet

Causes of flat feet

Flat feet can be found in newborns at very rare conditions or sometimes during the childhood development stage. And in most of the cases, the condition would be because of hereditary. The attribution of flat feet can also be caused by:

– Wearing shoes with poor arch support
– Long time walking or standing in high heels
– Muscle damage because of excessive strain on the foot
– Fractures or dislocation
– Ligament tear or sprains
– Ruptured or stretched nerve tendons
– Birth abnormality
– Nerve problems
– And other risks include pregnancy, obesity, aging, diabetes et al.

Symptoms of flat feet

The most common symptoms of flat feet is continuous pain and discomfort over the foot area, heels, ankles, lower legs and lower back/hip. People with collapsed arches could realize the discomfort when prolonged walking & standing and there would be swelling on the downside of the foot.

There would be considerable amount of pressure when there is lack of supportive arch which in turn finally leads to have strained posture and restrained foot movement. Otherwise a fallen arch can also lead to tension the ligaments and nerve tendons of the ankle and foot parts.

Relief from flat feet

Flat feet can be treated on different types of condition both surgical and non-surgical. There are conservative care treatments wherein the medical expert those who care for foot – podiatrist would suggest any one of the following:

– Pain medication
– Regular exercises with stretches
– Ice and compression
– Wearing right fit sized and comfortable shoes and foot wears providing proper support and stability to the foot arches
– Physiotherapy treatments
– Stabilizing the arch and heel area with support style insoles

Common footwear fitting problems

When people pick the right and comfortable sized footwear for usage, there would not be any requirement for the question of what type of arch support for flat feet should I buy! Down below is the list of common footwear fitting problem wherein insoles come into the picture to help the individuals suffering from pains and foot aches. Insoles might vary in size, type, and arch dimensions wherein the podiatrist would suggest the right one that assessing the foot.

– Heel slippage
– Foot elongation
– Low and collapsed arches

Test your insole fittings

Though the insoles are customized to your foot size, it is recommended to test it out by:

Standing on the insole outside the shoe or any of your footwear that you are going to fix the insole (to check the balance and pressure level that you feel, to check whether the tissue of the heel is cupped or not and whether the arch is getting the support or not)
Standing on the insole inside the shoe (once after inserted, this is to check that the complete dressing would give enough support feel or not)

Tips to care of the insoles

Often air them out, wash them, and inspect them.